Research into the top area of the 9 MHz spectrum in the Melbourne pre-sunrise window on Dec 13 2013 between 1730 and 1800 revealed substantial short path activity from Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Signals followed the darkness route, arriving in to Melbourne from the west and north.
Of particular note were the VOA using the Issoudin (France) relay for its Oromo service, the VOK on a relatively new channel of 9890 and AWR’s Persian service from the Moosbrunn (Austria) relay on 9830.
This is the Summary of frequency occupancies.
9800 RWANDA DW-Kigali French
9810 CHINA CNR1
9825 PHILS PBS *1730 Tagalog
9830 AUSTRIA AWR-Moosbrunn Persian to 1730*
9835 MALAYSIA RTM-Kajang with relay of FM net Malay
9840 GERMANY RFE-Lampertheim Belarusian
9845 CHINA CNR1
9850 IRAN Bosnian
9860 FRANCE VOA-Issoudin Oromo
9870 INDIA Nat Net
9885 S. ARABIA Tajik
9890 N. KOREA Arabic
9940 MARIANAS RFA-Tinian Burmese to 1730*
9965 THAILAND VOA (Deewa) Udon Pashto
9975 KUWAIT R. Ashna Pashto
9990 BULGARIA BVB-Kostinbrod Persian